Translating Constitutional Rights of Dalits in Karnali and Sudurpaschim Province

Translating Constitutional Rights of Dalits in Karnali and Sudurpaschim Province


Several articles in the Constitution 2015 of Nepal such as article 24 and 40 are specifically formulated for the Dalit community of Nepal. The fundamental rights of Dalits in the Constitution has been a major breakthrough in Nepalese history. However, only the effective implementation of the Constitutional Rights of Dalits can protect the Dalit rights. To translate those rights into action, Samata Foundation has identified the need to engage the government, elected Dalit representatives, law enforcement agencies, civil society actors in constructive dialogue to formulate and enact Dalit-responsive policy, program, plan, and budget.

Translating Constitutional Rights of Dalits in Karnali and Sudurpaschim Province envisions creating an enabling environment for the Dalits to enjoy their constitutional rights by promoting a culture of dialogue.

Meanwhile, Covid-19 pandemic has engrossed Nepal like many countries in the world. Disasters and crises perpetuate the already at-risk human rights situation of the marginalized and excluded communities. In Nepal’s case, it was evident when the atrocities against the Nepali Dalit communities soared up during the global COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the government imposed nationwide lockdown and partial restrictions in various phases, the socially excluded and marginalized groups’ daily lives, particularly the Dalits, are greatly affected in Nepal. A study was necessitated to protect the rights of most marginalized communities during pandemic through policy advocacy.

During the pandemic period, several innovative ways were adopted to protect and promote the Dalit rights through national TV shows and popular radio stations.

Project Location

Karnali and Sudurpaschim Province

Project Duration

2019 – 2021


  1. To support and facilitate the enactment of Dalit-responsive Policies as guaranteed by Constitution through the more comprehensive consultation at various levels in the current federal structure.

Funding Partner

The Christian Aid Nepal

Expected Outcomes

  1. A composite policy is developed to protect and promote Dalit rights and empower the Dalit community.
  2. A culture of dialogue on the caste realities is inculcated in the household level.

Accomplished Outcomes

  1. An impact study of COVID-19 on Dalits put forward specific recommendation for all three-tier government to protect the rights of Dalits, particularly during disasters such as the COVID-19 pandemic.
  2. Karnali and Sudurpaschim Province government has drafted province-specific Dalit Empowerment Bill.
  3. Across 12 television episodes, Jaat ko Prashna inculcated at the household level a culture of dialogue on the realities of caste discrimination in Nepal. It also put pressure on national-level public figures and duty bearers regarding the status of the human rights of Dalits and the rule of law.

Major Events

  1. Study on the COVID-19 Impact on Dalit.
  2. Province Level Dialogues to develop Dalit Empowerment Bill.
  3. Jaat Ko Prashna – a 12-episode television show.
  4. Nepal Chautari – a 15-episode radio program.